In vivo assessment of nanomaterial-induced toxicity using embryonic zebrafish Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9593tx66t

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  • Due to their unique physical, chemical, and magnetic properties, nanomaterials have great potential for industrial development. There is a pressing need to develop rapid whole animal-based testing assays to assess the potential toxicity of engineered nanomaterials. To meet this challenge the embryonic zebrafish model was employed to determine the toxicity of fullerenes. Embryonic zebrafish were exposed to graded concentrations of C₆₀, C₇₀, and C₆₀(OH)₂₄ during early embryogenesis and evaluated for morphological and behavioral responses. Exposure to C₆₀ and C₇₀ induced a significant increase in malformations, pericardial edema, and mortality; while the response to C₆₀(OH)₂₄ exposure was less pronounced at concentrations an order of magnitude higher. Cell death was determined to be the most sensitive physiologic response. Oxidative stress was examined as a mechanism through which C₆₀ elicited a response. This was probed through chemical manipulation of glutathione and antioxidant levels. Finally, the global gene expression following C₆₀ exposure was evaluated. These results further implicate glutathione depletion as a result of oxidative stress as a mechanism of action. Analytical chemistry methods were developed to determine the dose of C₆₀ that induced toxicity in zebrafish embryos. These results indicate only a small portion of C₆₀ in the water was actually absorbed by the embryo to elicit a response. The versatility and efficiency of the embryonic zebrafish model demonstrated its usefulness for screening nanomaterials for toxicity as well as a model organism for probing pathways through which a nanomaterial may elicit a toxic response.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2007-06-19T20:51:22Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Final thesis.pdf: 2161825 bytes, checksum: c72ca0702ac786d7cc960554c8870f19 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2007-06-19T19:40:03Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Final thesis.pdf: 2161825 bytes, checksum: c72ca0702ac786d7cc960554c8870f19 (MD5)

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