Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

The role of selected regulations on the distribution of West Coast groundfish Public Deposited

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  • Expanding groundfish production on the West Coast and in the United States in total, over the past decade, has increased competition in the groundfish market. During the same period, regulations have evolved to control production in the groundfish industry for the purpose of conserving the resource. Other regulations exist to control certain aspects of the market for groundfish. Such regulations are generally expected to have local impacts. However, little consideration is usually given to the impact regulations may have outside a local area. Indeed, since market competition has increased so significantly in this industry, the geographical distribution area has expanded considerably in recent years. Inter-regional impacts should be considered when regulations are established. The purpose of this research was to examine the impact selected regulations may have on markets for groundfish. The hypothesis tested by this research is stated as the following: regulations intended to impact local regions have no more than a local affect. Stated another way, regulatory authorities at state or regional levels generally intend to impose regulations that do not impact regions other than those under their jurisdiction. The test, then, is to determine if other regions are affected by "localized" regulations. The regulations to be examined include restriction or alteration of production in a limited region and established intra-state transportation rates (for seafood) that limit competition in the state transportation market. Specifically, alternative distribution patterns were generated in response to postulated changes in: (1) the availability of groundfish in the Oregon region and (2) California intra-state transportation rates to reflect more competition in the seafood transportation market (lower rates). The hypothesis was tested by estimating demand equations for groundfish, employing these in a spatial equilibrium model, and subjecting the results to a sensitivity analysis. The hypothesis testing consists of four parts, each independently insufficient to reject the hypothesis. As a whole, however, the four parts should provide enough evidence (although not a statistical test) to reject the hypothesis. The results of the research indicate rejection of the hypothesis was acceptable. Indeed, several of the regions where no affect was expected in response to the postulated changes showed significant impacts. This research was a pioneering attempt. The results are not conclusive, in part because of the absence of appropriate data. However, the results were significant enough to indicate promising possibilities for future research. In fact, a major contribution of the work was to point out how this research technique can be improved by refining inputs to the model and increasing its complexity to reflect more of the available routes associated with different product forms, product transport techniques and different species. The major result of the research was to indicate the need to consider impacts which extend beyond the local market in establishing regulations.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-01-13T20:09:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 EARLEYJIM1983.pdf: 901621 bytes, checksum: 3698b7f1483e2002a98d5e67dad326f3 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1983-12-07
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-13T20:09:13Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 EARLEYJIM1983.pdf: 901621 bytes, checksum: 3698b7f1483e2002a98d5e67dad326f3 (MD5)

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