Relationships of green-tree retention following timber harvest to forest growth and species composition in the western Cascade Mountains Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9880vt93z

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • National Forest management in the Pacific Northwest is shifting from a focus on commodity production to ecosystem management, in which the health of the entire forest ecosystem is considered, rather than that of a few key species. Ecosystem management includes retention of some live trees following timber harvest (green-tree retention) to preserve biodiversity, imitating the natural fire regime of large, but patchy fires that leave many live trees. How ecosystem management will affect growth and species composition of future forests is an important question. This study takes a retrospective approach to this question by using past disturbance as an analogue to green-tree retention following timber harvest. Using USDA Forest Service timber inventory plot data from the Cascade Mountains of Oregon and SW Washington, 132 unmanaged stands were identified with a tree cohort of 70-110 years old (regeneration) or a tree cohort of 70-110 years old with an overstory of large trees 200+ years old (remnants). All stands were in the Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. zone (Franklin and Dyrness 1973). Single-aged stands represented clearcuts, while two-aged stands served as analogues to stands harvested with green-tree retention. Regeneration basal area/hectare (ba/ha) declined when remnant-tree densities exceeded about 15 remnant trees/ha (R²=0.51) in a relationship roughly described by a sigmoidal curve. Conceptually removing remnant-tree space occupancy effects decreased remnant-tree density's value as a predictor of regeneration ba/ha by about 50% at management-level remnant densities (≤45 remnant trees/ha). Thus, it appears that remnant "effects" were a result of both remnant-tree space occupancy and remnant resource use. Douglas-fir ba/ha in the regeneration also declined when remnant-tree densities exceeded about 15 remnant trees/ha (R²=0.60). Western hemlock ba/ha in the regeneration increased slightly with increasing remnant-tree densities (R²=0.19). Western redcedar ba/ha in the regeneration was apparently not related to remnant-tree density (R²=0.02). The degree of aggregation in remnant trees did not appear to affect regeneration ba/ha, but few stands contained the isolated clumps of remnant trees likely under a management scenario. Neither measured site characteristics nor regeneration density was related to regeneration ba/ha across species. Remnant-tree density was apparently unrelated to tree-species diversity in the regeneration. Total-stand ba/ha remained relatively constant across remnant densities.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-19T22:21:45Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RoseCoulterR1994.pdf: 7259502 bytes, checksum: 075d6cd4e7823087bcada618361d9227 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kirsten Clark (kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2012-12-19T21:59:50Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RoseCoulterR1994.pdf: 7259502 bytes, checksum: 075d6cd4e7823087bcada618361d9227 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-27T20:42:04Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RoseCoulterR1994.pdf: 7259502 bytes, checksum: 075d6cd4e7823087bcada618361d9227 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-12-27T20:42:04Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RoseCoulterR1994.pdf: 7259502 bytes, checksum: 075d6cd4e7823087bcada618361d9227 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1993-11-18

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items