- This study explored the relationship among marital role expectations,
religiosity, and other variables including age, dating status of
subjects, living arrangement, marriage plans and parents' marriage.
Data were obtained from a sample of 460 Oregon State University
students in April, 1976. They were primarily young students, 18 - 19
years old, from many different fields of study, residing in a variety
of living situations. Most of the sample came from intact families and
the vast majority plan on marrying at sometime during their life.
The instruments used to collect data include Dunn's (1960) Marriage
Role Expectation Inventory, Faulkner's and DeJong's (1966) Religiosity
in Five D Scale, and Hunt and Hunt's (1975) three item measure of
Four hypotheses were tested: the number of students choosing
emergent or traditional marital role expectations, the relationships
between marital role expectations and selected background factors, the
relationships between religiosity and selected background factors, and
the relationship between marital role expectations and religiosity. The following statistical tests were used to test the hypotheses:
Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, linear regression analysis and a t test.
The .05 level of significance was used.
Significantly more students chose emergent marital role expectations
than traditional marital role expectations.
The variables dating status, college residence, marriage plans,
age and parents' marriage yielded insignificant differences on marital
role expectation scores. Sex was the only discriminating background
variable. Females scored significantly higher (more emergent) on
marital role expectations than males.
The relationship between background variables and religiosity was
examined. First, using the Five D Scale, no significant differences
on religiosity scores were found using the variable parents' marriage.
Females scored significantly higher (more religious) than males on the
religiosity scale. Engaged students scored significantly higher than
any other class of dating status. Those students living together
scored significantly lower than any other class of dating status. Those
students who were living in a single sex dormitory scored significantly
higher on religiosity than any other type of living arrangement. Those
students planning on marriage scored significantly higher on the
religiosity measure than those students planning to never marry. Those
students planning on having three or more children scored significantly
higher than any other class, and those students planning no children or
only one child, scored significantly lower than any other group. There
was a significant positive relationship between religiosity and church
attendance. Second, using the Hunt and Hunt measure, no significant differences
were found on this measure on the following variables: desired
family size, dating status, college residence, marriage plans and
parents' marriage. Females scored significantly higher than males on
this religiosity measure. A significant postitive relationship was
found between religiosity and church attendance. A positive significant
relationship was found between the two religiosity measures.
A significant negative relationship was found between marital
role expectations and religiosity when the Hunt and Hunt scale was