Variation in mitochondrial DNA and allozymes discriminates early and late forms of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Kenai and Kasilof Rivers, Alaska Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9k41zj294

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  • Genetic differences between early and late forms of Alaskan chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were identified using two genetic approaches: mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis and protein electrophoresis. The study populations consisted of early- and late-run chinook salmon in each of the Kenai and Kasilof rivers in Alaska, and a single population from the Minam River, Oregon, that provided a relative scale for the differences among the Alaskan populations. Two segments of mtDNA were amplified separately using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and then digested with 14 to 16 restriction enzymes. Results showed that the two early runs were genetically similar to each other but different from either of the late runs. The late runs were different from each other based on the frequency of the common haplotypes. The Minam River stock shared two haplotypes with the Alaskan stocks and displayed one unique haplotype. The frequency difference in the shared haplotypes together with the presence of a unique haplotype allowed us to separate the Oregon population from those in Alaska. In the protein analysis, each of the five populations was examined at 30 allozyme loci to determine variation within and between the runs. Based on 14 polymorphic loci, Minam River chinook salmon were genetically distinct from the Alaskan populations. Within the Alaskan populations, the two early runs were most similar to each other but different from the two late runs; the two late runs were also genetically most similar to each other. Based on all loci, protein electrophoresis proved to be a useful technique to separate stocks of chinook salmon. On a locus by locus basis, however, mtDNA was more powerful. Both mtDNA and allozyme analysis suggest that chinook salmon may segregate into genetically different early and late forms within a drainage.
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