Characterization of Pacific whiting protease and food-grade inhibitors for surimi production Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9p290d00m

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Cathepsin B was the most active cysteine proteinase in the Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) fish fillet, and cathepsin L in surimi when the activities of the most active cysteine proteinases (cathepsin L, B, and H) were compared. Cathepsin L showed maximum activity at 55°C in both fish fillet and surimi, indicating its function in myosin degradation during conventional cooking of fish fillet and surimi. Washing during surimi processing removed cathepsin B and H but not cathepsin L. Autolytic analysis of surimi proteins showed that the myosin was the primary target, while actin and myosin light chain showed limited hydrolysis during 2 hr incubation. When purified Pacific whiting proteinase was incubated with various component of fish muscle, proteinase was capable of hydrolyzing purified myofibrils myosin, and native and heat-denatured collagen. The degradation pattern of myofibrils by the proteinase was the same as the autolytic pattern of surimi. Inhibition by the food-grade proteinase inhibitors varied with the catalytic type of proteinase. Beef plasma protein (BPP) had a higher percentage of papain inhibitors, followed by whey protein concentrate (WPC), potato powder (PP), and egg white (EW). On the other hand, EW had a higher percentage of trypsin inhibitors followed by BPP, PP, and WPC. EW inhibited trypsin activity completely at levels as low as 1%. WPC inhibited the autolytic activity of fresh surimi. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was not effective as WPC. WPC can be used as an inhibitor for the Pacific whiting surimi, but high concentration is required. A limited number of inhibitory components were found, as the components in food-grade inhibitors were characterized by inhibitory activity staining. Both EW and PP showed more serine proteinase inhibitors than cysteine proteinase inhibitors. PP showed one cysteine inhibitory component while EW did not show any. BSA in both WPC and BPP acts as an nonspecific competitive inhibitor and reduces the enzyme activity. An unidentified high molecular weight protein (HMP) found in WPC, BPP, and BSA functions as an alternative substrate for papain while it functions as true inhibitor for trypsin.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale) using Scamax Scan+ V.1.0.32.10766 on a Scanmax 412CD by InoTec in PDF format. LuraDocument PDF Compressor V.5.8.71.50 used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-01-26T17:06:48Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 WEERASINGHEVASANA1995.pdf: 1128133 bytes, checksum: 93c5a46699a8274afcc96cf4bfe0da08 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1995-04-28
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-23T20:12:21Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WEERASINGHEVASANA1995.pdf: 1128133 bytes, checksum: 93c5a46699a8274afcc96cf4bfe0da08 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (ecscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2012-01-23T19:02:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WEERASINGHEVASANA1995.pdf: 1128133 bytes, checksum: 93c5a46699a8274afcc96cf4bfe0da08 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-26T17:06:48Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WEERASINGHEVASANA1995.pdf: 1128133 bytes, checksum: 93c5a46699a8274afcc96cf4bfe0da08 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/08/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items