Characterization of glenohumeral joint laxity and stiffness using instrumented arthrometry Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9p290d54x

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  • The purpose of this study was to characterize glenohumeral joint laxity and stiffness using instrumented arthrometry. To evaluate the validity of an instrumented measurement system we compared cutaneous and bone-pinned measures of laxity and stiffness that replicate previously reported in vivo methodology. Characterization of capsular laxity was achieved through determination of the sagittal plane translational area at increasing levels of quantified force. Finally, a method for increasing the objectivity of the standard manual laxity examination was developed for the orthopaedic clinician to quantify humeral head translation and capsular volume in vivo. We hypothesized that: 1) cutaneous measures could accurately predict bone-pinned measures, 2) capsular laxity would increase with increasing levels of applied force, and 3) manual cutaneous, manual bone-pinned, and force-displacement bone-pinned measures of translation would be equal. Thirty fresh frozen cadaveric shoulder specimens (mean age=70±14 years) were tested. The shoulders were thawed and mounted to a custom-made shoulder-testing apparatus. Displacement was measured using an electromagnetic tracking system. Sensors were secured cutaneously and with bone-pins to the scapula and humerus. Force-displacement testing was performed using a load applicator and manual displacement testing utilized the anterior/posterior drawer and inferior sulcus tests. A comparison of cutaneous and bone-pinned measures of laxity and stiffness revealed good to excellent criterion validity (r=0.68 to 0.79). Examination of displacement measures at increasing levels of force revealed increasing capsular laxity with symmetric directional compliance. No significant difference was observed between anterior and posterior translation (0.4 mm, p=.55), with significant differences between inferior and anterior (4.6 mm, p<.0001) and between inferior and posterior (5.1 mm, p<.0001). A comparison of manual cutaneous to bone-pinned manual and kinetic measures of translation revealed a significant difference between methods (p=.0024) and between directions (p<.0001) with no significant interaction (p=.0948). Estimations of the force required to achieve clinical end-point suggest that greater force is required in the anterior (173 N) direction compared to posterior (123 N) and inferior (121 N). We have developed two new methods to measure glenohumeral joint kinematics and reported new information regarding normal kinematics of the glenohumeral joint.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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