Evaluating village-based tree nurseries in Senegal a comparative study of four projects Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9s161823z

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  • Reforestation projects in Senegal are often the vehicles which administer and implement social forestry activities. Their objectives are to help people solve their wood supply problems, enhance the environment by planting trees on farms and in villages, and introduce reforestation as a self-sustaining practice in village culture. Many projects establish village-based tree nurseries where community members grow seedlings to supplement or replace those supplied by government-owned regional nurseries. Village-based nurseries are promoted by the Division for Conservation of Soil and Reforestation and other Senegalese government agencies. This study, based on a survey of 32 villages, contained within four different projects: 1) investigates village-based tree nurseries in the Peanut Basin of Senegal by evaluating performance in terms of seedling survival and village nursery manager's intention-to-continue, 2) compares the structure of four reforestation projects descriptively and quantitatively. Finally, it presents recommendations for future implementation of nursery projects. Results indicate that village participation is a significant predictor for survival success. Three factors were significant predictors of intention-to-continue: previous nursery experience, water availability in the village, and the commercial sale of seedlings by nursery managers. Analysis of these success factors provides insight into project organization. Project extension strategies range from very structured methods to informal approaches. Awareness campaigns, field trips, and group training were variations found among projects in various mixes. Projects were similar in organizational structure, financial incentives, and encouragement of self-sustaining activities. Project design should include: 1) village participation from goal setting through evaluating results, 2) economic incentives that are based on encouraging the sale of seedlings, and 3) financing to improve water sources. Projects could also benefit from well-planned awareness campaigns, practical group training, and the application of more structured extension methods. Future studies are needed on villagers' behavior towards practice, adoption, and continuance.
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