Megascopic plant remains from three housepits along the Applegate River, southwest Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9s161906h

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  • In 1982 a protohistoric archaeological site along the Applegate River in southwest Oregon was excavated by Oregon State University Department of Anthropology. Three housepits and a possible menstrual but were uncovered with lithic, faunal, and archaeobotanical elements recovered from house floors and hearths. Seven botanical taxa were represented by carbonized seeds in the hearth and house floor soil samples: Arctostaphylos, Ouercus, Compositae, Pinus, Vitis, Abies, and Chenopodiaceae. By far the most abundant was Arctostaphylos which was represented in 100% of the sample units. Data derived from analysis of macrobotanical remains supported hypotheses of season of site occupation, site function, and subsistence resource preferences of site inhabitants, while neither supporting nor refuting hypotheses of chronological placement and trade relationships. This research has added to the expanding store of information on ethnobotanical practices of aboriginal inhabitants of upland streamside terrace sites in the Applegate drainage where preservation of organic material has been extremely rare. Essentially, protohistoric Native American plant use in this area does not appear to differ substantially from practices described by early ethnographers for the Takelma/Tolowa/Applegate and Galice Creek Athapascans.
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