Sex role stereotypes and children's memory for story content Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9w032560b

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  • The present experiment examined children's memory for stereotypic and non-stereotypic sex role content in their reading material. Twenty-four male and twenty-four female fifth grade subjects read two short stories, each depicting a male and female character who exhibited an equal number of masculine and feminine traits and behaviors. Results of a choice recognition test, administered shortly after the reading task, revealed that both sexes remembered more of the masculine sex-typed characteristics of male characters, and more of the feminine sex-typed characteristics of female characters. Moreover, the subjects were less proficient in remembering trait descriptions than behavioral descriptions, and were particularly unlikely to remember the feminine traits of male characters. On the basis of these findings, it was speculated that children use the sex role stereotype as an organizational framework in reading comprehension. Possible implications of this research for children's reading programs were discussed.
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