The influence of Swedish, Finnish, and Danish textiles on contemporary American fabrics Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9w032570k

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  • Scandinavian textiles have played an important part in the family life of the Nordic people. During the evenings, members of a family worked on textiles and wove colors and designs of the countryside and of the family life into their fabrics. Traditional motifs, techniques, and color combinations were developed and passed down through the years from family to family. The techniques of weaving Scandinavian textiles may be divided into groups according to the method used in weaving the fabrics. These groups are tapestry weaves, pile-knot weaving, flushing weaves, plain weaves, and other weaves which will not fit into a particular grouping. Each group has characteristic motifs, colors, and yern content. Many techniques are centuries old. Scandinavian craft societies are responsible for the revival of handcrafts after the industrial revolution. These societies aid in preserving traditional patterns, techniques, and color combinations, and in encouraging folk art. There are many Scandinavian textile designers who have gained recognition in their country and in the United Sates. Marta Maas-Fjetterstrdrn, Astrid Sampe-Hultberg, Dora sung, Count Bernadotte, and Paula Trock are some of the leading Scandinavian designers who are influencing designs in contemporary American fabrics. Many of their designs and patterns are based on traditional Scandinavian fabrics. Many fabric designers in the United States show the influence of Scandinavian textiles in their fabrics. Similarity is seen in colors, designs, motifs, and in waeving techniques. Some designers who show Scandinavian influence are Dorthy Liebes, Maria Kipp, Jack Lenor Larsen, Robert Sailors, Frank Lloyd Write, Boris Kroll, and Finnish-born Marianne Strengell. Influence of Scandinavian Textiles on contemporary American fabrics may also be seen in other sources. Collections of fabrics being produced by companies such as Celanese, Fuller Fabrics, and Schumacher and Company are showing influence of foreign countries, including the Scandinavian countries. Exhibitions of Scandinavian fabrics are also influencing American fabrics. "Design in Scandinavia" is an example, and individuals such as Count Bernadotte are showing fabrics in private showings. Imported textiles from the Scandinavian countries are also influencing American textiles. Scandinavian influence on contemporary American Fabrics is seen in adaptations of color, motifs, and weaving techniques. Influence is also made by leading designers of America and Scandinavia; and weaving schools in America, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark also exert considerable influence. Because of the amount of influence and the interest seen in Scandinavian fabrics, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark are among the countries leading in influence on contemporary American fabrics.
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