Single and mixed-model assembly line balancing methods for both deterministic and normally distributed work element times Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9w032685d

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  • Line balancing is concerned with the optimal assignment of work elements to individual operators in an assembly tine of a mass producing system. This paper summarizes the assembly line balancing terminology, the computational methods, and objective functions applicable to a wide variety of assembly lines. Single and mixed-model situations for both constant and variable work element times are examined. A Back Tracking Method of Assembly Line Balancing (BALB) is developed and programmed in FORTRAN IV. BALB, as a manual procedure was able to find an optimal solution to problems that other existing methods such as Helgeson and Birnie's positional weight technique, could not yield. In general, BALB was also found to be simple and more efficient than the heuristic methods by Tonge, Hoffman, Mansoor and Arcus. The computer program, *BALB, accepts data for both single and mixed-model ALB problems and considers both constant and variable work element times. This program uses production shift time as the criterion for balancing the mixed-model lines. Numerical examples are used throughout the paper to illustrate the steps of various methods.
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