Diversity and similarity of benthic fauna off Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/b2773x920

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  • Samples of benthic organisms off the coast of Oregon, taken from depths varying from 50 to 2900 meters, have been analyzed in terms of diversity at a given station, and similarity and ecological distance to other stations. Estimates of epifauna abundance were also made. In the analysis an important distinction is made between diversity, abundance, and variety indices; the three measures are considered independent pieces of information relevant to the ecological structure of the population of interest. Two types of sampling gear were used. Large epifauna were sampled with a beam trawl. Polychaetous infauna were sampled with an anchor-box dredge. The diversity index chosen is Simpson's index; the measures of similarity and ecological distance are related. These measures are preferred because of their ease in calculation and basic simplicity. In addition these measures may be interpreted as estimates of well-defined population parameters (as Simpson has pointed out) which have straightforward probabilistic interpretation. A valid measure of diversity is one piece of relevant information necessary for elucidating the sufficient parameters of ecological systems. Therefore the methodology presented has broad application to studies of population structure.
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