Clothing and household textiles of Aurora Colony, Oregon 1857 to 1877 Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/b2773z420

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  • The purpose of this investigation was to locate, organize and analyze information pertaining to clothing and household textiles of Aurora Colony, Oregon, which existed from 185 7 to 1877. Aurora Colony was a communal group, headed by Dr. William Kiel, which emigrated from Bethel, Missouri to Oregon in 1857. This group did not differ much from other American pioneers except in their social philosophy. It was a socialist type group in which each person would share in the work of the community, and in turn the community would provide the individual with the basic necessities such as food, clothing and shelter. The group was dissolved in 1877 after the death of Dr. Kiel. The group's political, economic and social structure influenced the clothing and household textiles which they created. All the available clothing, household textiles and the tools used in their creation which it was possible to locate were photographed. These pictures are included in the thesis. The results of the investigation show that the group's textiles such as quilts and samplers were similar to those of other American pioneers. Nature was the chief source of design for their stitchery, and the most frequently used colors were blue, red, and green. Weaving, knitting and crocheting were the techniques used in fabric construction. Wool was the major locally produced fiber used by these colonists. There was little elaborate ornamentation in either wearing apparel or household textiles. The Aurora group did not develop any new techniques in the field of textile arts. They used techniques similar to those used by other American colonists.
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