Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Personality and interest assessment of the adult learner with learning disabilities Public Deposited

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  • The purpose of this research was to determine if there were any relationships between measured personality traits and vocational interests between the Adult Learner with Learning Disabilities (ALLD) and without Learning Disabilities (ALNLD). Instruments utilized to measure personality traits and vocational interests included the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the Self-Directed Search-Form Easy (SDS-E). Additionally, the ALLD's assessed personality traits were compared with their overall grade point average (GPA) at the post-secondary level. Lastly, this study allowed an analysis of the level of congruence between the ALLD's expected vocational goal upon college completion and their vocational interests, as measured by the SDS-E. The population investigated included ninety adult learners from Chemeketa Community College in Salem, Oregon. Forty of these student participants were learning disabled while the remaining fifty students were not learning disabled. Both groups completed the MBTI, the SDS-E, and a student questionnaire to provide the necessary data. The log linear analysis indicated significant interactions between the ALLD and ALNLD groups on the MBTI with a three-way interaction of learning status, age, and MBTI preference pair Thinking-Feeling (p=.046); and a three way interaction of learning status, age and MBTI preference pair Sensing Intuition (p=.028). The ALLD presented preference for Thinking (T) and Sensing (S) profiles while the ALNLD presented preference for Feeling (F) and equally for Intuitive (N) and Sensing (S) preferences. The log linear analysis also found no significance between the ALLD and ALNLD groups vocational interests as measured by the SDS-E. This finding supports literature reviewed that purports individuals with LD have personalities and vocational interests as varied as their "non-disabled" peers. The multiple regression test found no significant relationships between personality traits as defined by the MBTI and the GPA of the ALLD. Perhaps further investigation with a larger sample size might provide increased insight on the relationship between personality patterns and GPA of the ALLD. Lastly, this research which compared the highest surveyed and expressed vocational interests of the ALLD, demonstrated that the SDS-E was a good interest inventory to use with persons who were learning disabled. The SDS-E presented a strong relationship (55% perfect match) between expressed and measured interests of persons who were ALLD. This finding supports use of the SDS-E as a career counseling tool for the ALLD population.
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