In-situ vapor extraction is performed by applying a pressure differential across a hydrophobic porous membrane that forms a wall of the channel as a means of reducing the local quality of flow boiling within the channel. As the local quality is reduced, the heat transfer capability can be improve while large pressure drops and flow instability can be mitigated. The present study investigates the potential of vapor extraction, by examining the characteristics and mechanisms of extraction. The physics based models for transition among extraction regimes are developed which can be used as a basis for a regime-based vapor extraction rate model. The effects of vapor extraction on flow boiling in a microscale fractal-like branching network and diverging channels are studied by using a one-dimensional numerical model based on conservation of mass and energy, along with heat transfer and pressure drop correlations. The results show the improvement in reduced pressure drop and enhanced flow stability, and show the potential of heat transfer enhancement.