The effect of National defense education act counseling institutes on the measured interests of institute enrollees Public Deposited

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  • In the 1961-62 academic year there were thirteen National Defense Education Act Counseling and Guidance Training Institutes established at institutions of higher education about the country. The purpose of these institutes was to upgrade the counseling and guidance skills of personnel employed as half-time counselors in secondary schools. As a part of the evaluation process of these institutes, students were administered a number of tests at the beginning and at the end of the institute experience. One of these evaluative tools was the Strong Vocational Interest Blank for Men. Three problems were investigated. The first was to determine the effect of the intensive Counseling and Guidance Training Institute program on the Institute enrollees' interests as measured by the Strong Vocational Interest Blank. The second was to determine if there were common interest patterns among the enrollees. The third problem was to investigate the relationship between interest patterns and the enrollees' ratings of success in counseling by Institute staff. In this study it was hypothesized that the intensive nature of the institute experience would cause marked shifts in interest patterns on the part of the enrollees. These shifts would be toward Group V, Welfare and Social Service, Group VIII, Administrative Detail, and Group X, Communications, and away from Group I, Biological Science, Group II, Physical Science, Group III, Technical, and Group IX, Sales. It was also expected that enrollees would have common profile patterns on admission to the institute, and that these profile patterns would be especially similar for those who had been grouped in the top, average, or low rated group of enrollees. Using the t-test of mean differences, it was found that there were no statistically significant differences at acceptable levels of confidence between the interest patterns of enrollees from the pretest to the post-test administration of the Strong Vocational Interest Blank. In addition, there were no common profile patterns among the enrollees on admission to the institute, nor were there any common interest patterns among those who were rated by staff as being in the top, average, or low group of enrollees. Approximately 63 percent of the enrollees had a primary interest pattern in the social service area. Thirty-six percent had primary interest patterns in administrative detail, and all of the other primary pattern groups contained less than 30 percent of the enrollees. Likewise, 61 percent of the enrollees had reject patterns in Group II, Physical Science, while 34 percent had a reject pattern in Group VI, Musician, and Group I, Biological Science. There were no significant changes in interest pattern profiles from the pre-test to the post-test and there were no significant differences in the profile patterns of those in the top-rated, low-rated, or average groups of enrollees.
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