The effect of a cognitive-behavioral course in assertive training procedures on internalized shame in college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/bc386n064

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  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a course in assertiveness training on internalized shame in college students to determine if assertiveness training was effective in decreasing the feeling of shame in undergraduate college students. Assertiveness training was selected as the treatment to reduce shame because of the theoretical link between assertiveness and self-concept. The study was an empirical investigation of a treatment for the emotion of shame. The experimental design used for the study was a Repeated Measures ANOVA with one grouping factor (treatment) and one within subjects factor (time). The treatment grouping factor had two levels: control and experimental. The within subjects factor, time, had two levels: pre and post. There were two main effects, treatment and time, and one twoway interaction, treatment x time. The dependent variables were shame and assertiveness. The independent variables were treatment (control and experimental) and time (pre and post). The instruments used to measure the dependent variables were the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS) and the Internalized Shame Scale (ISS). The experimental subjects were 76 students enrolled in Psychology 479-570, Assertive Training Procedures. The control group subjects were 97 students enrolled in Speech 391-100, Fundamentals of Speech. All subjects in the study were enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Stout, Menomonie, Wisconsin, during fall semester, 1987. Based on the results of the study, the following conclusion was reached: assertiveness training had a positive effect on lowering the level of internalized shame in college students. The experimental group, which had an assertiveness training class, experienced a statistically significant decrease in the level of shame compared to the control group, which did not receive assertiveness training. This study provided evidence that assertiveness training was an effective short-term therapy to reduce internalized shame in undergraduate college students.
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