The effects of engineered coatings and natural organic matter on nanoparticle aggregation Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/bc386n36v

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  • In order to better predict the aggregation state of nanomaterials, the factors that influence aggregation must be understood. The combined effects of natural and engineered coatings have been shown to factor into nanoparticle aggregation behavior in preliminary research. In this study, aggregation behaviors of gold nanoparticles with two different engineered coatings were investigated in the presence of the monovalent electrolyte KCl and the divalent electrolyte CaCl₂. Aggregation studies were conducted using dynamic light scattering to determine the relative stability of the NMs in environments of varying ionic strength in the absence and presence of Suwannee River Natural Organic Matter (SRNOM). Coatings which provided primarily electrostatic stabilization were found to adhere closely to DLVO theory, while coatings which provided steric stability inhibited aggregation over a wide range of ionic strengths for both electrolytes. The presence of SRNOM was found to provide some electrostatic stability in the presence of KCl, but appeared to form agglomerates with calcium ions, especially at higher SRNOM concentrations.
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