Changing pastoral lifeways in the land where the horse was king : the effects of China's Grassland Contract Policy on Mongolian herders' attitudes towards grassland management and cooperation Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/bc386p451

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  • This thesis explore the effects of China's Grassland Contract policy on sedentary and mobile Inner Mongolian pastoralists' attitudes towards cooperation, current grassland management practices, and the future viability of livestock herding in New Barag Right Banner, Inner Mongolia. Semi-structured interviews, a scaled survey instrument, and participant observation were carried out in three case-study villages in New Barag Right Banner. The author hypothesized that because they maintain a livestock management strategy more closely related to the nomadic grazing traditionally practiced in the region, mobile pastoralists would have significantly more positive attitudes than their sedentary counterparts. Results show that herders representing both sedentary and mobile livestock management strategies share the same attitudes towards cooperation, grassland management, and the future viability of pastoralism in Inner Mongolia. Thus, the study results suggest that recent grassland policy may be affecting Inner Mongolian pastoralists representing different settlement categories in uniform ways.
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