Development of a product which simulates abalone texture from Alaska Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) Surimi Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/bn999886m

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  • The objective of these studies was to develop an analog from surimi that would resemble abalone. Preliminary studies involved the standardization of batter preparation conditions, such as pH adjustment, optimum moisture content and batter mixing time. The texture of a gelled analog prepared with different protein adjuncts egg white, gluten and bovine serum albumin) was compared with cooked abalone for hardness, elasticity, and cohesiveness by a trained sensory evaluation panel and by instrumental methods. Serial levels of sodium carbonate were used to adjust the pH of the sol from pH 6.75 to 7.73. As the pH value rose, the textural strength of kamaboko correspondingly increased. The 0.1% level of sodium carbonate was determined suitable for further use. The moisture level in kamaboko caused significant variations in hardness (P<0.001) and cohesiveness (P<0.001). At the lowest level of moisture tested, 73.24%, gel hardness was greatest (l27N/g); with a 5% increase in moisture, the gel hardness was lower (52N/g). Sol mixing time (solubilization of myofibrillar proteins) was a very important factor to significantly affect gel texture for properties of hardness (P<0.00l), elasticity (P=0.002) and cohesiveness (P<0.001). To produce a strong, elastic and cohesive gel, 30 minutes mixing was required. In serial concentrations (O to 4%), egg white, gluten, and bovine serum albumin, were evaluated for enhancement of textural parameters in order to produce an imitation abalone product. The addition of either egg white or gluten at the two percent level resulted in the greatest hardness and most cohesive gels (P<0.001). Two percent added bovine serum albumin significantly improved gel hardness and elasticity (P=0.003 and P=0.0149, respectively). A shredded gel containing one of three protein adjuncts was effective in varying the final gel texture when incorporated with a surimi-based carrier. In overall parameters, the trained sensory evaluation panel judged the analog gel containing bovine serum albumin texturized chunks (at a 70:30 ratio to carrier) closest to cooked abalone. The instrumental measurements of textural parameters were slightly less discriminating than the trained sensory panel.
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