Potential carbon storage at the landscape scale in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/bn999919z

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Estimates of potential carbon (C) storage can be used to constrain predictions of future carbon sequestration and to understand the degree to which disturbances, both natural aid anthropogenic, affect C storage. An upper bound on C storage in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) of the United States was estimated using field data from old-growth forests, which are near steady-state conditions and have been relatively undisturbed for long periods of time. The sites were located across a broad, biogeographical gradient in western Washington and Oregon, allowing comparison of potential carbon storage given a wide range of climate, soils, and vegetation conditions. Total ecosystem carbon (TEC) ranged from 195 Mg C ha' in eastern Oregon to 1127 Mg C ha1 at the Oregon coast. A simple, area-weighted average of TEC to a soil depth of 1 m was 671 Mg C ha1. Compared to estimates of current C storage, up to 338 Mg C ha1 could be stored in addition to current stores in this region. A new model called MAXCARB was developed to predict potential carbon storage over a large area (approximately 1 0 ha), in part to better understand the role of disturbances on potential carbon storage. MAXCARB simulates the effects of climate, soils, or vegetation on potential carbon storage at steady state, for a range of natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes. Initial results indicate that as the average interval between disturbance events increased, the steady-state C stores at the landscape scale increased. Predictions were well correlated to observed C stores in the PNW. Spatial interactions affect C flux processes at multiple levels of spatial interactions. Using another model, STANDCARB, the relative effect of edge-induced, tree mortality (mainly due to wind), and light limitations, on C dynamics were assessed for several artificial forest landscapes. Emergent behaviors resulting from the interaction of these processes were present at all levels of spatial interaction (stand and landscape). However, the magnitude of the emergent behaviors depended on the spatial structure of the landscape and the level of spatial interaction that was considered. When wind- mortality was high (8 times above natural mortality rates), the dynamics of C processes in fragmented landscapes was not captured using an additive approach. The spatial arrangement of patches on the landscape led to emergent behaviors for one case. However, in many cases, emergent behaviors were mt significant or could be accounted for with traditional modeling methods.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • Master files scanned at 600 ppi (24-bit Color and 256 greyscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0.82 on a Canon DR-9080C in TIF format. PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (24-bit Color and 256 greyscale and 256 B&W), using Capture Perfect 3.0.82, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-11-03T21:44:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SmithwickEricaAnnHoffa2002.pdf: 2779777 bytes, checksum: a99559f9ac9c46270183e84613d90648 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-11-03T21:45:30Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SmithwickEricaAnnHoffa2002.pdf: 2779777 bytes, checksum: a99559f9ac9c46270183e84613d90648 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-11-03T21:45:31Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 SmithwickEricaAnnHoffa2002.pdf: 2779777 bytes, checksum: a99559f9ac9c46270183e84613d90648 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Sara Mintonye (smscanner@gmail.com) on 2009-11-03T19:24:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SmithwickEricaAnnHoffa2002.pdf: 2779777 bytes, checksum: a99559f9ac9c46270183e84613d90648 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/08/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items