Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

RANS and LES predictions of turbulent scalar transport in dead zones of natural streams Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/br86b6837

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  • Natural stream systems contain a variety of flow geometries which contain flow separation, turbulent shear layers, and recirculation zones. This work focuses on streams with dead zones. Characterized by slower flow and recirculation, dead zones are naturally occurring cutouts in stream banks. These dead zones play an important role in stream nutrient retention and solute transport. Previous experimental work has focused on idealized dead zone geometries studied in laboratory flumes. This work explores the capabilities of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to investigate the scaling relationships between flow parameters of idealized geometries and the time scales of transport. The stream geometry can be split into two main regions, the main stream flow and the dead zone. Geometric parameters of the dead zone as well as the bulk stream velocity were varied to determine a scaling relationship for the transport time scales. These flow geometries are simulated using the RANS turbulence model with the standard k-ω closure. The standard first order dead zone model is expanded to a two region model to accommodate the multiple time scales observed in the simulation results. While this model currently has limited predictive capability, it provides physical insight into the functional dependence of the dead zone time scales. LES is used to evaluate the performance of the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence model and to describe the anisotropic turbulence characteristics. The differences between the time averaged flow field for Large Eddy Simulation (LES) and RANS was determined to have a significant impact on passive scalar transport.
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