|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this study was to ascertain to what degree, if
any, there was a difference of opinion among students, parents and
faculty in regard to student behavior as that behavior pertained to
general conduct, drug use, mischief, sex offenses, drinking, cheating
The research study was conducted at Pacific Union College
which is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college affiliated with
the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The college is located in a rural
setting in the unincorporated community of Angwin in northern
Out of a population of 1,950 enrolled students 1,597 met the
criteria for this study. All foreign students and students whose parents
reside overseas were excluded. Using the random number
sampling technique, 400 students were selected. One parent of each
student and the entire faculty were also included. Student respondents
numbered 355 for a 88.7% participation. Parent returns numbered
300 or 75% of the selected group while faculty participation was 128 or
The instrument (Opinion Scale on Student Behavior) used in the
collection of data was first developed by Dr. Thomas Schneck (1959)
and was revised by consulting with a panel of professionally recognized
educators at Oregon State University. Questions dealing with behavioral
standards of concern to a church related college were included
as well as a demographic information section. A seven-point rating
scale was developed to allow personal evaluation of the seriousness of
each statement. Each choice increased in severity and ranged from
generally acceptable to intolerable, vicious, demands punishment.
All data was collected during the spring term of the 1970-71 school
year and was analyzed on the Oregon State University CDC 3300
Computer using the analysis of variance and t test statistical models.
The 15 null hypotheses about student behavior and demographic information
were tested at the .05 and .01 levels of significance.
The findings revealed that there were significant differences of
opinion about student behavior among students, parents and faculty in
regard to the seven areas of student conduct. The differences were in
the direction of greater liberalism on the part of the students. Understandably the faculty group was the most conservative in opinions
about cheating while parents were the most conservative in the six
other categories of student behavior.
No significant differences were found among students when those
differences were determined by class standing, grade point average
or marital status; however, differences were found among students
when differences were determined by academic major. Students with
majors in Behavioral Science, Business Administration and History
were the most liberal.
Other variables revealed significant differences among the three
groups compared with students being the most liberal, faculty next
and parents last. Faculty and parents were closer in opinions about
student conduct than were faculty and students.