Creation and investigation of musical forms designed to promote relaxation Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/c534ft75v

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  • The study was a creative endeavor in which researchfindings from the areas of medicine, mental health andeducation concerning effects of background music were combinedinto an experimental musical form designed to promote andfacilitate the relaxation response. This experimental musicwas cormared with Baroque largo musical background, as recommendedin Lozanov's method of accelerated learning, and with ano-music control.Three groups of 19 subjects each were selected fromvolunteers enrolled in classes at Oregon State Universityfor Summer Term 1983. Participants were randomly assignedto one of three treatment groups. Group A listened toan audio tape of voiced relaxation instructions. Group Blistened to voiced instructions with Baroque largo musicalbackground. Group C listened to voiced instructions withexperimental musical background.Pre-post measurements of pulse, respiration, andsystolic and diastolic blood pressures were taken for eachtreatment as indices of relaxation. Participants also respondedsubjectively by means of a questionnaire and through informalinterviews with the investigator at the end of each session.Results indicated that the experimental music treatmentwas statistically significant over the no-music control inpromoting the relaxation response at the .05 level of confidencefor all measurement parameters. The experimental music treatmentwas significantly more effective than Baroque over the no-musiccontrol in three areas - changes in rate of respiration, andreduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The experimentalmusic treatment was dramatically more effective thanBaroque in facilitating the reduction of diastolic blood pressure.Subjective response indicated that while all three groupsreported the relaxation sessions enjoyable, 10 out of 19 subjectsin the experimental group requested tapes of what they had heard,2 out of 19 who listened to the Baroque background requestedtapes of their treatment, and no one in the no-music group requestedtapes of the voice alone. Participants reported feelingsof increased general well-being after listening to the tapes.Recomuendations for further study included testing theexperimental music as background in classrooms, offices, andas part of the Lozanov method of accelerated learning. Testingof variables of sex, age and time of sessions was recommended.
  • The study was a creative endeavor in which researchfindings from the areas of medicine
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  • Accompanying cassette tape moved to storage. Unable to digitize at this time. Available on request from the OSU Valley Library.
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