The effect of nicotinic acid supplementation during late-gestation on lipolysis and feed intake during the transition period Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/c821gn84n

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  • An experiment was conducted with 27 multiparous Holstein and 27 multiparous Jersey cows to determine if nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation during the prepartum phase of the transition period decreases lipolysis and improves dry matter intake and to determine if Holstein and Jersey cows respond similarly to NA supplementation. Cows were blocked by expected calving date and assigned at random to one of three prepartum dietary treatments which were 0, 49, and 98 mg of NA/kg of body weight (BW). Cows were group housed in freestalls and fed individually via Calan® gates from 30 d prepartum to 21 d postpartum. Cows were offered a dry cow total mixed ration twice daily and NA was hand mixed in the morning feeding. Following parturition all cows received the same lactation total mixed ration. Data were analyzed as repeated measures using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Dry matter intake -3 wk prepartum was used as a covariate for analysis of prepartum dry matter intake. Prepartum and postpartum BW and body condition score (BCS) were similar for NA treatments. Body weight was greater for Holsteins compared to Jerseys; however BCS between breeds did not differ. Prepartum DMI was similar for NA treatments, but cows supplemented with 49 mg NA/kg BW had greater DMI following parturition. Prepartum DMI depression was greater for Holsteins compared with Jerseys, 32 and 14%, respectively. Prepartum NA treatment had no effect on prepartum or postpartum nonesterfied fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate, and glucose. The magnitude of increase of NEFA as parturition approached was greater for Holsteins compared with Jerseys. Further, plasma NEFA of Jersey cows were lower than Holstein cows during the postpartum period (613 vs 862 µEq/L for Jerseys and Holsteins). Milk production differed between NA treatments, with increased production from cows supplemented with 49 mg NA/kg body BW compared to other treatments. Milk composition was not affected by the supplementation of NA. In summary, supplemental NA during the last 3 wk of gestation did not affect DMI or plasma metabolites during the transition period. Lipid metabolism and prepartum feed intake depression does differ for the two major breeds of dairy cattle. Key Words: dairy breed, transition cow, nicotinic acid
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2006-06-19T21:02:23Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Final Draft June 2 .pdf: 236753 bytes, checksum: 0a1aa522ecd8dcec64abc13b715b2e36 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Jason Chamberlain (chambeja@onid.orst.edu) on 2006-06-02T21:32:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Final Draft June 2 .pdf: 236753 bytes, checksum: 0a1aa522ecd8dcec64abc13b715b2e36 (MD5)

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