The effects of safety practices, technology adoption, and firm characteristics on motor carrier safety Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cc08hj578

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  • The purpose of this study is to identify firm safety practices, safety technologies, and firm characteristics that are related to motor carrier accident rates. The theory of the firm suggests that firms maximize profit by investing in safety practices and safety technologies until marginal cost is equal to the marginal benefit. The data set used in the empirical analysis is unique, in that it will allow for testing of the relationship between firm safety performance and safety practices, new safety technologies, and firm marketing strategies. By testing the impact of the safety performance marketing strategy on carrier accident rates, it can be shown that firm managers have control over the safety performance of their firm through management decisions. The results indicate that firms with a safety performance marketing strategy have significantly lower accident rates. All tested technologies, and most safety practices, are found to be negatively related to carrier accident rates. These results support the idea that through investment policies, safety practices, and choice of marketing strategy managers have a direct impact on their carrier accident rate. Interestingly, the firm characteristics of unionization and use of owner-operators are found to reduce carrier accident rates the most. This suggests that motor carrier managers should consider their firm's characteristics in their management of carrier safety.
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