Effects of clothing values on clothing deprivation among high school students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cc08hk124

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  • The present study was a part of a larger research project investigating the relationships between perceived clothing deprivation and selected social-psychological, socio-economic, and social participation variables among high school students. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of clothing values and selected demographic characteristics on perceived clothing deprivation among high school students. Survey methodology was employed. Questionnaires were completed by students during class. The sample was composed of 336 ninth through twelfth grade students who were enrolled in home economics classes. The students were aged 13 years to 20 years with the mode being 16 years. About 82 percent of the students were female. The majority of the students were classified into the middle socioeconomic level group. The clothing deprivation measure was developed based on previous studies by Brawley (1971), Brewton (1971), Edwards (1971), Kness (1973), Cheek (1978), and Stuart (1983). The clothing values measure was based on Creekmore's (1966) eight clothing values. Duncan's (1961) socioeconomic index was used as a guide to determine the socioeconomic level of the students according to their reported parents' occupations. Descriptive statistics, oneway ANOVA, MANOVA, Pearson correlations, multiple regression, and Chronbach's Alpha were used to analyze the data. The effects of clothing values on perceived clothing deprivation were tested by using Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results revealed positive relationships between perceived clothing deprivation and the economic and the social clothing values. Also, the economic and the social values accounted for significant proportions of the variance of perceived clothing deprivation. The aesthetic and the political clothing values had negative relationships with perceived clothing deprivation. However, they did not contribute significantly to the variance of perceived clothing deprivation. No relationships existed between perceived clothing deprivation and the exploratory, religious, sensory, and theoretical clothing values. As hypothesized, socioeconomic level had a significant effect on perceived clothing deprivation. The lower socioeconomic level students reported greater perceived clothing deprivation than did the high socioeconomic level students. The effects of grade and sex on perceived clothing deprivation were not significant. These findings partially supported the theoretical framework that clothing deprivation would be influenced by the actual level of clothing ownership which is closely related to socioeconomic level and by personal characteristics such as values.
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