The identification of early prehistoric settlement patterns along the coast of southwest Oregon: a survey based upon amateur artifact collections Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cf95jg839

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  • Surveys of amateur artifact collections in southwest Oregon indicate that traditional settlement pattern models for this region may be in error. Based on the distribution of major styles of projectile points, at least two distinct periods of occupation are definable. The Early period is tentatively dated between 1000 B.C. and 500 A.D. and the Late period between 500 A.D. and 1856 A.D. The Early period was characterized by reliance upon upland resources, and the focus of occupation was along the upper reaches of coastal rivers. The Late period was characterized by reliance upon riverine and maritime resources, and the focus of occupation was on coastal bays and estuaries. Three sites located along the upper Coquille and Rogue River estuaries may reflect a transition period, when the adaptation from upland to maritime resources took place. The results of this study demonstrate that amateur artifact collections can be useful sources of information about a region's prehistory, especially if little scientifically documented evidence is available.
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