The potential use of GIS as a tool for communicating risk information to American Indian tribes: a consideration of the ethical implications Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cj82k814h

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  • American Indians presently face health risks posed by exposure to environmental pollutants through different exposure routes including: inhalation (e.g., air particles), ingestion (e.g., fish, water), and dermal contact (e.g., contact with water, soil). Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are increasingly being used in the Environmental Health arena as a tool for communicating risk information to Native American populations. GIS-based risk maps can display risk information to Native Americans in a manner that helps reduce risks and protect a traditional tribal lifestyle. GIS-based research involving a Native American community requires careful consideration of ethical issues relating to sovereignty and ownership of data. Using a case study approach, this paper evaluates the use of GIS as a tool for communicating risks to Native Americans and recommends moral guidelines for conducting GIS-based research in a Native American community. The use of GIS-based risk maps in Native American communities is relatively new and warrants further research.
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