Sexual harassment proclivity of men : relationship to values Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cj82kc61h

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  • The sexual harassment of women by men is a social phenomenon that exists in academia as well as business and industry. It has only recently been recognized as a significant social problem. The purpose of this study was to determine if men who have a high proclivity toward sexual harassment differ in their ranking of personal values from men who have a low proclivity toward sexual harassment. The rationale behind the study was if there is a relationship between personal values and sexual harassment proclivity then values education and exploration may provide an intervention method to reduce sexual harassment. The sample consisted of 100 randomly selected undergraduate male students at Oregon State University. Seventy four percent of the respondents completed two surveys: the Likelihood of Sexually Harassing Scale (LSH) (Pryor, 1987) and the Rokeach Value Survey (1973). The LSH was used to identify two groups of men: those with a high proclivity toward sexual harassment and those with a low proclivity toward sexual harassment. The two groups ranking of values were then compared to determine if a significant difference existed. Data were analyzed using chi-square to test for significant differences between the two groups ranking of values and also test the significance of the phi coefficient to determine if a relationship existed between score on LSH and ranking of values. Results of the study indicated that there is a significant difference between men with a high proclivity and men with a low proclivity toward sexual harassment in their ranking on 5 of 36 values. The low proclivity group ranked equality, honest, loyal, and salvation significantly higher than the high proclivity group. The high proclivity group ranked a comfortable life significantly higher than the low proclivity group. The values ranked significantly higher by the low proclivity group are social values that denote respect for and cooperation with others. The value ranked significantly higher by the high proclivity group is a personal value that denotes a materialistic and self indulgent orientation. Values education or exploration programs that focus on equality, honesty and loyalty may help to reduce sexually harassing behavior.
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