Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Peer counselor effect on the self concept and academic adjustment of educational opportunity students who participated in group counseling Public Deposited

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  • The basic problem of this investigation was to determine if peer counselors could be effective as group counselors for Educational Opportunity Program (EOP), freshman students. This effectiveness would be demonstrated by changes in self concept and academic adjustment for those students who participated in the group counseling process. This investigation was designed to examine students with peers as group counselors (Group I), students with an EOP staff counselor as the leader of the group counseling process (Group II) and students who did not participate in either group counseling procedure (Group III). The sample of the study consisted of 29 freshman students who entered Oregon State University through the Office of Educational Opportunity during the fall term of the 1973 school year. These students were divided among three groups in such a way as to insure a balance according to sex and ethnic group membership. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS) served as a measure of change in self concept and the College Inventory of Academic Adjustment (CIAA) was used to measure changes in adjustment. The Group Behavior Rating Scale (GBRS) was used with the experimental groups only and served to measure changes in group behavior. These instruments were administered under pre and posttest conditions during the fall quarter. The total scores were used for testing the statistical hypotheses. Seven hypotheses related to the effects of group counseling and peers on self concept and academic adjustment were tested, using a t test, analysis of variance and covariance and a test for correlation. Hypotheses were designed to compare pre and post-test mean scores for each group in order to determine if significant changes occurred within groups. Comparisons were made between. groups I and II to examine whether changes occurred more fres,. quently with peers or staff counselors as the group fagilitators. Further comparisons were made between the Treatments (Groups I and II) and Controls (Group III) to examine the effects of the group counseling procedure. The group participants (Groups I and II) changed positively though not significantly on all subscores on the TSCS while the group of individuals who did not participate in the group procedure did not show such changes. There were, significant differences on certain subscores of the instruments used. These subscores were Identity on the TSCS, Personal Relations on the CIAA, and Self Confidence and Cooperation on the GBRS. However, the general hypotheses were rejected in terms of total scores.
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