Effects of mulch and forest floor material on soil macro-nutrients in homogenized soil cores Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cn69m746q

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Effects of three mulches of tree foliage and twigs (red alder, Douglas-fir, and salal) and homogenized, partially decomposed material (forest floor) on soil macronutrients (Ca, K, Mg, P, NO3, and NH4) were evaluated in the summer of 1997. These effects were measured with buried, coated ion-exchange resin bags at two different times (2 and 12 weeks) and at two different depths (2 and 15 cm) in homogenized soil cores. Over the time of this study various mulches had no significantly different impact on nutrient ions sorbed on the buried resins. The results indicated that in the early stages of decomposition, chemical differences in the plant material evaluated do not differentially influence soluble nutrients sorbed on buried resins. However, some of this lack of difference may have been due to the preparation of the mulches. The preparation included chopping and shredding, which may have eliminated differences that exist in a more natural setting. The effect of forest floor material was significant on three of six response variables. The interaction of forest floor and mulch was significant for all variables except K. Whether the interaction decreased or increased the mean amount of a given response variable was dependent on the type of mulch material. The exception was NO3, which in all cases increased in the presence of forest floor in combination with mulch. The results indicate that microbial populations that reside in the forest floor interact differently with the types of plant mulches placed over them. The effect of time was significant for all response variables with K, Ca, and Mg responding in a proportional manner. Nitrate and ammonium concentrations increased exponentially over time, which indicated a rather vigorous biological population involved in decomposition of nitrogen-containing organic compounds. The effect of depth was significant for all variables except for P. More nutrients accumulated at the 15 cm depth than at the 2 cm depth, which was not expected. This possibly indicates high immobilization due to microbes at the surface. The results of P may have been due to the type of resin used and the pH of the soil cores. The results suggest that forest floor material has more influence with above ground additions of soil macro-nutrients than fresh plant material. However, the detected interactions of these two types of materials suggest that ion cycling can be influenced very early in the litter decomposition process. A second study tested the effect of saturated soil coated resin bags versus non-coated bags. The results strongly suggest that the effect of coating resin bags with a thin slurry of saturated soil paste significantly decreases variation in tests of Ca, Mg, NO3, and NH4. The minimal amount of work with this procedure suggests that it is advantageous for evaluating most macro-nutrients with resin bags, particularly NO3 and NH4.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • Master files scanned at 600 ppi (256 Grayscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9080C in TIF format. PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (256 Grayscale + 265 b+w), using Capture Perfect 3.0, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-02-03T20:54:28Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Newman_Joseph_P_1998.pdf: 1178909 bytes, checksum: 2122ce44842e309a3b154cb001fc9152 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-02-03T20:54:29Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Newman_Joseph_P_1998.pdf: 1178909 bytes, checksum: 2122ce44842e309a3b154cb001fc9152 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-02-03T20:53:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Newman_Joseph_P_1998.pdf: 1178909 bytes, checksum: 2122ce44842e309a3b154cb001fc9152 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Digital Production (digitalproduc@gmail.com) on 2009-02-03T16:16:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Newman_Joseph_P_1998.pdf: 1178909 bytes, checksum: 2122ce44842e309a3b154cb001fc9152 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/19/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items