Interaction of water waves and deformable bodies Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cr56n389j

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  • A time-domain model was developed to predict the fluid/structure interaction of a three-dimensional deformable body in a fluid domain subject to long-crested finite amplitude waves. These nonlinear waves induce transient motion in the body. In turn, the interaction of the body with the waves modifies the wave field, causing additional motion in the body. A time-domain simulation was required to describe these nonlinear motions of the body and the wave field. An implicit three-dimensional time-domain boundary element model of the fluid domain was developed and then coupled iteratively with a finite element model of the deformable body. Large body hydrodynamics and ideal fluid flow are assumed and the diffraction/radiation problem solved. Either linear waves or finite amplitude waves can be treated in the model. Thus the full nonlinear kinematic and dynamic free surface boundary conditions are solved in an iterative fashion. To implicitly include time in the governing field equations, Volterra's method was used. The approach is similar to that of the typical boundary element method for a fluid domain where the boundary element integral is derived from the governing field equation. The difference is that in Volterra's method the boundary element integral is derived from the time derivative of the governing field equation. The transient membrane motions are treated by discretizing the spatial domain with curved isoparametric elements. Newton-Raphson iterations are used to account for the geometric nonlinearities and the equations of motion are solved using an implicit numerical method. Examples are included to demonstrate the validity of the boundary element model of the fluid domain. The conditions in a wave channel were numerically modeled and compared to sinusoidal waves. The interaction of a submerged rigid horizontal cylinder with water waves was modeled and results compared to experimental and numerical results. The capability of the model to predict the interaction of highly deformable bodies and water waves was tested by comparing the numerical model to large-scale physical model experiment of a membrane cylinder placed horizontally in a wave channel.
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