Use of the cloze procedure as a criterion for measuring the readability of selected patient education materials for older adults Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/cr56n4744

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Purpose: The major purpose of this study was to determine the readability of selected patient education materials for older adults using the cloze procedure as a criterion. Actual cloze test scores from three selected passages on hypertension were compared with the Coleman readability scores on those same passages. Age and the number of years of schooling completed for each subject were examined to determine their effect upon predicting the cloze test scores on each passage. Variations in the scores on the three selected passages were also examined. Procedure The population consisted of adults, 60 years of age and over, who eat a noon meal at the 13 program sites operated by the Oregon District Four Elderly Nutrition Program. A random sample was drawn from a master list of all participants at the 13 sites. A total of 84 older adults comprised the sample for this study. Each subject completed one cloze test in his/her own home with no time limit. The tests were scored on the basis of the number of exact completions (synonyms were not scored) for the 50 deletions. The raw scores were converted to percentage of correct completions for the purpose of analysis and interpretation. Each subject also supplied information on his/her age and the number of years of schooling completed. The data for each of the cloze test forms were subjected to multivariate analysis, one-way analysis of variance and multiple comparisons analysis. The cell sizes for all three cloze test forms were equal. For all tests of hypotheses, findings for which the probability is less than .05 were reported as non-significant. Findings: The major findings were: 1. Older adults made significantly (p=<.01) lower scores on the cloze tests than predicted by the Coleman readability formula. 2. Schooling correlated more significantly (p=<.01) than did age with the actual cloze test scores. 3. Schooling had a more significant (p=<.01) effect than did age upon predicting cloze test scores. 4. Cloze test, Form B, was significantly (p=.05) more difficult than cloze test, Form A. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the patient education materials selected were "not very readable" for the older adults in the Oregon District Four Elderly Nutrition Program. Whereas all three passages tested were of approximately equal difficulty in terms of the language variables alone, the cloze procedure was able to distinguish differences in concept difficulty. Discussion of the findings included implications for the use of the cloze procedure by health educators for patient education of older adults and for use in evaluating the mental functioning of older adults. Suggestions for further research included: (1) the provision of additional variables, (2) replication of the study with additional patient education materials, (3) the sampling of other populations, (4) testing of the instruction sheet for readability, and (5) consistency in the use of the instruction sheet.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-11-01T19:36:56Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HolcombCarolA1977.pdf: 1614374 bytes, checksum: 21249de7966a68ee62f0fcad03650a47 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1977-05-02
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Madison Medley (mmscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-10-25T19:04:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HolcombCarolA1977.pdf: 1614374 bytes, checksum: 21249de7966a68ee62f0fcad03650a47 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Kirsten Clark(kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-11-01T19:36:56Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HolcombCarolA1977.pdf: 1614374 bytes, checksum: 21249de7966a68ee62f0fcad03650a47 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-10-25T19:18:08Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HolcombCarolA1977.pdf: 1614374 bytes, checksum: 21249de7966a68ee62f0fcad03650a47 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/23/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items