|Abstract or Summary
- Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of
three methods of changing vocational educators' sex-role perceptions
of themselves and their sex-role perceptions of males and females to
a more androgynous state. The hypotheses tested were: (1) there
is no difference in sex -role perceptions of self among groups
one, two, and three after the treatments; (2) there is no differ- .
ence in sex-role perceptions of males among groups one, two, and
three after the treatments; and (3) there is no difference in sexrole
perceptions of females among groups one, two, and three after
Pr oc edur es
This study used the pretest-posttest control group design.
Sixty male and female Oregon State University Vocational Education
students, summer 1977, volunteered to participate in the study and
were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. The
Dittman adaptation of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory was completed by
all participants as a pretest and posttest. Groups received treatments
as follows: group one experienced a lecture on sex-role perceptions
and two placebo treatments; group two received the lecture, a slide
treatment on eliminating stereotyped sex-role perceptions and a
placebo treatment; and group three participated in the lecture, the
slide presentation, and role-playing treatments all focused on expanding
sex-role perceptions. The final sample consisted of 15 subjects
in each of the three groups, 75 percent of the original sample.
Group Androgyny Difference Scores were calculated from the
Dittman adaptation of the BSRI, for running the analysis of covariance.
The F-statistic tested the hypotheses for identifying if differences
existed among the three groups for self sex-role perceptions and the
perceived sex-roles of males and females. Hypotheses one and
two were retained, and hypothesis three was rejected. The Least
Significant Difference follow-up test identified that the difference in
sex-role perceptions of females existed between groups one and three.
The groups did not differ in their perceptions of self and males
but did differ in their perceptions of females. Group perceptions of
female sex roles differed between group one which received the
lecture treatment and group three which experienced the lecture,
slide presentation, and role- playing treatments. It was concluded
that the slide presentation and role-playing treatments were not any
more effective in expanding sex-role perceptions to a more androgynous
state than a lecture.