- Nonpoint sources of pollution are being recognized
nationwide as a significant threat to groundwater quality.
In Oregon, groundwater supplies in several areas have been
affected by contamination possibly caused by nonpoint
sources associated with agricultural activities, on-site
sewage disposal, and inadequate hazardous materials
management in urban areas. State groundwater protection
legislation was enacted in 1989 which specifically addresses
nonpoint source contamination. While it relies heavily on a
non-regulatory approach emphasizing public education and
voluntary participation, it also specifies conditions under
which mandatory actions may be required.
To shed light on the new program's potential effectiveness,
the provisions of the legislation are evaluated herein
with respect to four policy issues: 1) compatibility with
traditional land management values, 2) compatibility with
existing institutional arrangements, 3) long-term protection
provided, and 4) adequacy of funding. It is concluded that
the legislation offers a promising approach for dealing with
nonpoint source contamination. However, two major
weaknesses of the legislation are evident: 1) it relies
only minimally on the tool of taxing potentially polluting
substances to fund the program and to provide an incentive
for the development of alternatives, and 2) it creates an
unnecessary administrative layer.
- File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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