- The purpose of this study was to give a fifty-nine year historical
overview of the development of the state female juvenile institution,
Hillcrest School of Oregon.
The material covered in the study included state laws which
had direct effect upon the programs at the school; the philosophies
and goals of the institution covering over half a century; the types
of services and programs available to students committed; and the
staffing of such programs as they relate to services rendered.
The data for this study was collected through extensive research
in the Oregon State Archives, Salem, Oregon, and communication
with institutional and Children's Services Division personnel.
The results of this study indicate the trends in services available
to juvenile females incarcerated in Oregon's state institution,
the augmenting of staffing patterns as they relate to programs offered at the institution, and the change in emphasis of services
offered to each girl.
In the early days; Hillcrest School was a very small institution
striving to serve court-committed females through farm work, and
limited education services without counseling or community placement
programs, As the school developed, and as greater concern
was shown by the administration of the institution, the legislature,
and the public at large, much greater emphasis was given to the
individual needs of each girl. Services were developed at the
school which included education, counseling, health, religious,
recreational and community programs.
Hillcrest School of Oregon has a target date for closure as an
institution for girls of January 1, 1974. The plan by the state is to
combine the programs and services of Mac Laren School for Boys at
Woodburn, Oregon, and Hillcrest School of Oregon, Salem, Oregon,
into one coeducational facility at Woodburn.
Presently the trend in services to youth in the State of Oregon
would indicate development and involvement in Community Youth Care
Centers located throughout the state. Such centers will serve many
youth who in the past were incarcerated in juvenile institutions.
With the development of the Children's Service Division,
greater emphasis has been given to serving youth in facilities other
than institutions. Greater use of community resources is now being sought and developed. Such state-wide programs entail
understanding and commitment by the public-at-large and a willingness
to share in the responsibility of assisting young women and men
who have been embroiled in controversy with legal authorities.