Characterization of rodent selenoprotein W promoter Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/db78tf29q

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  • Rat selenoprotein W (SeW) promoter activity was investigated using different concentrations of cadmium, copper, and zinc. Two fragments (404bp and 1265bp) of the SeW promoter, containing a single metal response element (MRE), were ligated into the multiple cloning site of a pGL3-Basic reporter plasmid. The constructs were transfected into cultured rat C6 (glial) and L8 (myoblast) cells and promoter activity measured by means of luciferase reporter gene fused to the SeW promoter fragments in the reporter plasmid. With post-transfection exposure of these cell lines to these metals, copper and zinc, but not cadmium, significantly increased promoter activity of the unmutated 1265bp (not 404bp) construct (p<0.05) only in the C6 cells. Mutation of the MRE sequence abolished promoter response to metal exposure but did not eliminate promoter activity. The results suggest that SeW expression in glial cells can be increased on exposure to copper and zinc and that this response is dependent on the MRE sequence present in the SeW promoter. To understand transcriptional regulation of the SeW gene, we used in vitro binding assays to identify transcription factors that may be involved in the transcriptional regulation of the SeW gene. Using protein from rat C6 (glial) cell nuclear extracts, oligonucleotides containing putative regulatory elements in the SeW promoter, and antibodies, we were able to show that the specificity protein 1(Sp1) transcription factor binds to the Sp1 consensus sequence in the SeW promoter as well as the MRE. However, the MRE, GRE, AP-1 and LF-A1 did not yield any specific binding. Although, competition analysis showed specific binding at the TFII-1 site, super-shift analysis using anti-TFII-1 antibody did not yield any super-shifted band. Therefore the SeW gene may be a target for Sp1 whose interaction with the SeW promoter may activate or repress the transcription of SeW.
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