Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Physical and chemical changes in stabilized mince from Pacific whiting during frozen storage Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dj52w766b

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  • Cryoprotection in stabilized mince from Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) was investigated by monitoring changes in physical and chemical properties during 32 weeks of frozen storage. The effects of 4 different cryoprotectants were evaluated by torsion test, color analysis, extractability of salt soluble proteins, and formation of dimethylamine (DMA) and 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA). The quality of the stabilized mince was significantly higher than the control (mince without cryoprotectants) when compared by shear strain, salt soluble proteins, and DMA. The results show that the functionality of the proteins in the mince can be protected by using cryoprotectants with Polydextrose® being the most effective of the 4 tested. The effect of food-grade protease inhibitors on the gel-forming characteristics of Pacific whiting mince was also investigated. Four levels (1, 2, 3, and 4%) of different protease inhibitors (beef plasma protein, whey protein concentrate, egg white liquid, and egg white powder) were added to the stabilized mince before heating and effects on texture and color were evaluated. Shear strain was significantly increased by increasing the level of inhibitors. Beef plasma protein was most effective and presented significantly higher strain than the other inhibitors tested. Due to higher concentration of proteolytic enzymes in the mince, an increased amount of protease inhibitors is needed compared to surimi to prevent proteolysis during heating.
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