Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Precipitation characteristics for landslide hazard assessment for the central Oregon Coast Range Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dj52w800f

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  • Precipitation data from 1988-1995 for 13 rain gauges of the Department of Forest Engineering rain gauge network, and a longer precipitation record, 1976-1995, at Mapleton were analyzed. The objectives were to assess the spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation intensity and antecedent precipitation, and understand the role of these characteristics for triggering debris slides from headwalls in the central Oregon Coast Range. Frequency distribution curves and recurrence intervals using a partial-duration series were calculated for the maximum 5-minute, 30 minute, 1 hour, 2 hour, 6 hour precipitation durations and antecedent precipitation index (API) for the rain gauge network and the maximum 1 hour and 2 hour precipitation durations for Mapleton. Isohyet lines showing selected 2-year precipitation intensities and API were used to characterize the spatial distribution of precipitation intensity and API across the central Oregon Coast Range. The effect of elevation on this spatial distribution was investigated. An attempt to quantify the occurrence of high intensity precipitation occurring with high antecedent precipitation, which is hypothesized to trigger debris slides, was done by testing if the highest precipitation intensities (greater than a 1 -year recurrence interval) occurred during the storms with the highest API. API and precipitation intensity were tested for correlation to discern if a particular precipitation duration could be used to predict API, thus make it possible to use a precipitation intensity based threshold to assess the general hazard of landslides. Precipitation intensities associated with selected recurrence intervals vary considerably over the study area. Precipitation values for selected durations and recurrence intervals could vary as much as 50% or larger for selected rain gauge locations. Precipitation intensities are higher in the central portion of the study area, centered around the ridges of the Siuslaw River watershed, with decreasing intensity toward the northern and southern boundaries possibly due to topographic influences. Higher API values are found more frequent where the high precipitation intensity spatial trends exists. Relationships between short duration precipitation intensities with elevation, and API with elevation, within the rain gauge network could not be determined. No single precipitation intensity, including total storm precipitation, showed a strong positive correlation with high API for the entire rain gauge network. It appears that any attempts to predict the precipitation characteristics which trigger headwall failure by a precipitation intensity threshold in the central Oregon Coast Range is not possible. Attempts to assess the risk of headwall failure by high API may be possible. High precipitation intensities occurred with high antecedent precipitation conditions and they occur at the highest antecedent precipitation conditions.
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