The Kilauea Volcano adult health study, Hawai'i, USA Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dn39x462r

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • After 22 years of eruption at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i, an environmental, epidemiological, and ethnographic study was conducted to assess for adverse health effects from chronic exposure to volcanogernc air pollution. Environmental data from 2003 indicated that Kau District, from 37 to 74 km downwind from the eruption, was being exposed to concentrations of volcanic sulfur dioxide gas (SO₂) and fine aerosol particles (≤0.3μm) that warranted public health concern. Ambient SO₂ average concentrations, measured with diffusion tubes, ranged from 6 to 34 ppbv over three weeks. SO₂ penetrated indoors up to 71% of the ambient concentration. Fine aerosol concentrations, measured with a cascade impactor, ranged from 0.61 to 11.82 μg/m3. Volcanogenic air pollution is strongly correlated with altitude, displaying a pattern of increasing fme aerosol particles and decreasing SO₂ with rise in elevation, attributed to rapid oxidation as diurnal wind patterns blow the eruption plume from oceanic terrain landward to more abundant oxidation sources. In 2004, health effects were assessed by a cohort prevalence survey of 335 randomly sampled adult residents. Exposed cohorts of SO2 and sulfate aerosol were from Kau District, and an unexposed control cohort from the extreme north end of the island. Prevalence ratios between the exposed cohorts and control revealed substantially increased prevalence of cough (310%), phlegm (270%), throat irritation (600%), rhinorrhea (740%), sinus congestion (160%), eye irritation (430%) and bronchitis (2 10%). Blood pressure and respirations were also significantly elevated. Elderly non-smokers had an 8 beat per minute faster average pulse rate than control countcrparts. Qualitative descriptions of health responses to the eruption were obtained by open-ended questions and unstructured interviews in the natural setting. Thirty-five percent of exposed participants perceived that their health had been affected by the eruption. Current and former smokers described being most affected. The human-health response to chronic exposure of volcanogemc air pollution may result in a sulfur illness syndrome with identified primary and secondary characteristics. Adult populations with long-term residency in active and degassing volcanic areas may experience an excess burden of cardio-pulmonary illness. Further work is warranted in all communities along Kilauea's plume path and at other degassing volcanoes worldwide.
License
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale, 24-bit Color) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Sergio Trujillo (jstscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-05-03T00:20:56ZNo. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 11375182 bytes, checksum: 9a1e88d7e94ba698be708fadc6bdebf2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu), reason: replace file on 2012-06-13T19:45:17Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-06-08T17:04:15Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 11375182 bytes, checksum: 9a1e88d7e94ba698be708fadc6bdebf2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-06-13T20:53:54Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 12378643 bytes, checksum: 1ba4bb7b9facd917cb838115fcdaa88e (MD5) Previous issue date: 2005-01-12
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-06-13T20:18:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 12378643 bytes, checksum: 1ba4bb7b9facd917cb838115fcdaa88e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-06-13T20:53:54Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 12378643 bytes, checksum: 1ba4bb7b9facd917cb838115fcdaa88e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Sergio Trujillo (jstscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-06-13T19:50:28ZNo. of bitstreams: 1LongoBernadetteMae2005.pdf: 12378643 bytes, checksum: 1ba4bb7b9facd917cb838115fcdaa88e (MD5)
Location

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 03/13/2018

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items