The transition of single mothers on public assistance to economic self-sufficiency : an analysis of human capital, family resource, employment and psychosocial factors Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dr26z103t

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The study explored a model that integrates human capital, family resource, employment and psychosocial factors to explain variation in economic self-sufficiency (ESS) among single mothers. A sample of 851 single mothers on Aid to Families with Dependent Children was selected from the Washington State Family Income Study data base. Data from a three-year period (6/88-5/91) were utilized to describe and analyze single mothers in transition from welfare. When compared to a sample of non-poor single mothers, mothers on public assistance differed significantly in several ways: They were younger, had more children and were more likely to have parents who received public assistance. Educational levels were significantly lower, as was employment activity. Economic self-sufficiency was measured as the ratio of welfare benefits to household income. Degree of ESS improved over the three-year period: While 60 percent of single mothers relied on welfare for more than half their income in the first year, only 45 percent did by the third year. In analyzing differences in degrees of economic self-sufficiency among single mothers, the following groups of mothers had significantly higher degrees of welfare reliance: never-married and divorced mothers; mothers with a child under age two; mothers with three or more children; non-white mothers; and mothers living in public housing. A path analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of human capital, family resource, employment and psychosocial factors on later economic self-sufficiency. Number of children and receipt of subsidies positively affected welfare reliance. Education, number of adults in the household and number of months employed negatively affected degree of welfare reliance. A key finding was that, after controlling for differences in human capital, family resources and employment activity, workplace support retained a highly significant, inverse relationship with degree of welfare reliance. Sense of personal control and social support had both direct and indirect effects on degree of welfare reliance, establishing that psychosocial factors mediate impacts of human capital, family and employment factors on economic self-sufficiency. The results support the viability of utilizing stress models to examine objective economic outcomes in future research.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-12-18T20:50:07Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 8980050 bytes, checksum: 74f807a900cb5488e95daa63d8d4a4d2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-01-28T18:07:27Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 9248483 bytes, checksum: 5e993012b322e1d8dbd418b11743081a (MD5) Previous issue date: 1992-11-13
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-28T18:07:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 9248483 bytes, checksum: 5e993012b322e1d8dbd418b11743081a (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-25T19:37:36Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 9248483 bytes, checksum: 5e993012b322e1d8dbd418b11743081a (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-09T15:45:01Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 8980050 bytes, checksum: 74f807a900cb5488e95daa63d8d4a4d2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu), reason: replace file on 2013-01-25T19:11:23Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2013-01-25T19:27:42Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ParkerLouiseAnne1993.pdf: 9248483 bytes, checksum: 5e993012b322e1d8dbd418b11743081a (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/09/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items