The Relationship Between Immigrant Status and Secondary and Postsecondary Attainment in Secondary Students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dr26z199n

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  • The American School Counseling Association’s Code of Ethics states that counselors and counselor trainees must be competent providers of multicultural counseling, able to practice effectively with clients whose identities differ from their own. Pre-service school counselors receive very little training around immigration status and how to work with clients who migrate from different countries and cultures. School counselors, counselor educators and pre-service counselors are also asked to seek out current, relevant research to provide a basis for the interventions and treatment offered to clients. Recent literature in school counseling has identified educational gaps among individuals who identify as, or are identified as, ethnic minorities. Higher rates of high school dropout and lower rates of postsecondary education matriculation have been found in immigrant samples as compared to nonimmigrant samples. However, existing articles are limited by: (a) sample sizes, (b) access to secondary student data, and (c) limited school counselor interventions. Additionally, school counselors and counselor educators have not researched these differences in immigration and graduation or postsecondary aspirations. To address this gap three research questions were explored. The first question asked what was the relationship between certain resiliency skills and immigrant status of middle school students. Results indicated a small but significant relationship between immigrant status and the skills of wellbeing and understanding the importance of education. The second research question queried as to whether a relationship exists between immigrant student contact with a school counselor and college as a post-secondary plan in high school. The results indicated a significant but small negative relationship between immigrant students meeting with a school counselor on career and college planning and college as a postsecondary plan. The third research question inquired as to whether a relationship exists between immigrant status and utilization of a school counselor for career and college planning in high school. The results indicated a small but significant positive relationship between immigrant status and utilization of a school counselor for career and college planning. The primary implication that emerged from the aforementioned research was that school counselors should be especially in tuned to the needs of immigrant students as their skills and needs may differ from native born students. Additionally, students who immigrate should be given an opportunity to meet individually with their school counselor for both wellbeing and career and college related topics.
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