Impact of voluntary compliance and compliance inspection programs on experience rates among small employers in California Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dr26z2031

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  • This study was conducted to evaluate government intervention as an effective strategy for implementing accident prevention programs and reducing occupational injuries in the workplace. The central issue was to determine if participation in the California Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) Small Employer Voluntary Compliance Program (SEVCP) or compliance inspections conducted by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) influenced workers' compensation experience rates among small employers in California. The sample populations examined in this study consisted of three groups: (1) twenty-five California companies that participated in the SEVCP during 1982; (2) twenty-five California companies that were inspected for safety standards compliance by DOSH officials in 1982; and (3) a control group that consisted of twenty-five California companies that did not participate in the SEVCP and were not inspected by DOSH. The problem was analyzed in three stages. First, the data were analyzed to determine if there was a significant difference in experience rates between the three sample groups. Second, the three groups were evaluated for significant difference in accident prevention program components. Third, the study analyzed the effect of accident prevention program components on workers' compensation experience rates. This study indicated that companies that participated in the SEVCP developed significantly lower workers' compensation experience rates when compared to companies that were inspected for safety standards compliance by DOSH. A significantly higher proportion of SEVCP companies provided new employees with job specific safe work practice training when compared to the DOSH and control group companies. Statistical analyses of the effect of individual accident prevention program components on experience rates revealed a significant reduction in the experience rate of companies that conducted regularly scheduled workplace safety inspections. This study supports the need for continued development, implementation, and evaluation of voluntary compliance programs as an effective means for reducing occupational injuries. Although this study failed to identify accident prevention program components as the primary factor in the SEVCP group's significantly lower experience rate, government sponsored voluntary compliance programs based on consultation, education, and training have the ability to significantly reduce occupational injuries.
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