A study of the relationship of self-concept to attitudes, activity levels, and demographic variables among the long-term spinal cord-injured Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dv13zx05f

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  • National statistics indicate that over ten thousand persons each year become disabled from spinal cord-injury. The need for research in this area is evident. The objectives of this study were: 1. To determine any relationship between selected attitudes and activity levels with self-concept; 2. To identify certain demographic variables that may have a relationship with self-concept; 3. To compile and summarize the open-ended comments of importance to these respondents. The population for the research was comprised of fifty-nine Oregon residents and twelve out-of-state residents. All respondents had a spinal cord-injury of at least four years duration. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was administered to each respondent. Each respondent also completed an eighteen question survey eliciting attitudinal, activity level, and demographic data. For the purposes of this study, self-concept was defined in relation to the Tennessee Self Concept Scales's major external references of Physical Self, Moral-Ethical Self, Personal Self, Family Self, Social Self, Total Self, and Self Criticism. Multiple regression was the primary tool of analysis used in testing the hypotheses. The following findings had significance at the .05 level of confidence: 1. One attitudinal variable was found to have a relationship with self-concept. Respondents who felt they were as physically independent as they were capable of being had higher Total, Physical, Personal, and Social Self mean scores. 2. Three activity level variables demonstrated a relationship with self-concept. Those who required more assistance had higher mean scores in Total, Moral-Ethical, and Social Self than those who required less assistance. Those who drove their own vehicles as compared to those who were driven by others had higher Total, Personal, and Social Self mean scores. Attendance in community college education by respondents after their injury resulted in higher Moral- Ethical Self mean scores. 3. Two demographic variables were found to have a relationship with self-concept. Age had a negative relationship with Physical Self. Older respondents had lower Physical Self mean scores. Living status was determined to have a relationship with Personal Self. Those living with friends had higher mean scores than, in a descending order, those living with aides, with spouse/co-habitating friend, alone, with relatives, and in a residential care facility.
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