|Abstract or Summary
- National statistics indicate that over ten thousand persons
each year become disabled from spinal cord-injury. The need for
research in this area is evident.
The objectives of this study were:
1. To determine any relationship between selected attitudes
and activity levels with self-concept;
2. To identify certain demographic variables that may have a
relationship with self-concept;
3. To compile and summarize the open-ended comments of importance to these respondents.
The population for the research was comprised of fifty-nine
Oregon residents and twelve out-of-state residents. All respondents
had a spinal cord-injury of at least four years duration.
The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was administered to each
respondent. Each respondent also completed an eighteen question
survey eliciting attitudinal, activity level, and demographic data.
For the purposes of this study, self-concept was defined in relation
to the Tennessee Self Concept Scales's major external references of
Physical Self, Moral-Ethical Self, Personal Self, Family Self,
Social Self, Total Self, and Self Criticism.
Multiple regression was the primary tool of analysis used in testing the hypotheses. The following findings had significance at
the .05 level of confidence:
1. One attitudinal variable was found to have a relationship
with self-concept. Respondents who felt they were as
physically independent as they were capable of being had
higher Total, Physical, Personal, and Social Self mean
2. Three activity level variables demonstrated a relationship
with self-concept. Those who required more assistance had
higher mean scores in Total, Moral-Ethical, and Social
Self than those who required less assistance. Those who
drove their own vehicles as compared to those who were
driven by others had higher Total, Personal, and Social
Self mean scores. Attendance in community college education
by respondents after their injury resulted in higher Moral-
Ethical Self mean scores.
3. Two demographic variables were found to have a relationship
with self-concept. Age had a negative relationship with
Physical Self. Older respondents had lower Physical Self
mean scores. Living status was determined to have a
relationship with Personal Self. Those living with friends
had higher mean scores than, in a descending order, those
living with aides, with spouse/co-habitating friend, alone,
with relatives, and in a residential care facility.