Effect of salt and pH on surimi gels made from Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/dv13zx60h

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  • The effect of salt (0, 0.9, 1.7, 2.5%) and pH (range 4 to 10) on surimi gels made from Pacific Whiting (Merluccius productus) was investigated. Gel-forming ability was measured by the torsion test. In general, surimi gels increased in gel strength with increased pH. Breaking shear stress increased to a greater degree than breaking shear strain above pH 7.0. The increase in gel strength was greater at higher pHs for gels made without salt than those made with salt. At neutral pH, the salted surimi showed greater gel forming abilities than the unsalted whiting surimi. Poor gels were formed at low pH (pH 4 to 6) for both the salted and no-salt surimi. These results demonstrated that pH and salt concentration had an interactive effect on the gel-forming ability of the Pacific whiting surimi and that improved gel strength at low salt levels might be obtained by increasing the pH.
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