|Abstract or Summary
- Purpose of the Study:
The purpose of this research was to study the school districts
in Umatilla County as they existed in 1962-3 and to formulate a
guide for reorganization of these districts into sound efficient units.
The following sub-factors were considered essential to this research,
and were dealt with extensively: (1) school laws, (2) topography,
(3) sociological and economic implications, (4) organizational structure,
(5) transportation, (6) assessed valuations and mill levies,
(7) per pupil costs, (8) teacher -pupil ratios, (9) school buildings,
and (10) curriculum.
This research study was confined to the 17 school districts in
Umatilla County. Information for the statistical data was gathered
from the various forms on file in the office of the State Department
of Education, Umatilla County School Superintendent's Office, State
Board of Health, and the office of the local school district superintenent
or principal. Every school district was visited by the researcher
in order to gain first-hand information, and individual conferences
were held with each superintendent or principal of the 17 school districts.
A review of the research dealing with reorganization of school
districts was made and a set of desirable criteria for effective
school districts in Umatilla County was formulated, These criteria
1. Public education shall be responsive to the will and needs
of local people.
2. Any reorganization plan shall provide a complete educational
program from grade 1 through grade 12.
3. Every district shall contain a minimum of 1000 pupils between
the ages of 6 and 18 so that a high school of at least 300 can
4. Elementary schools shall have at least one teacher per
5. Schools shall be located so that no elementary pupil travels
more than 45 minutes nor any high school pupil more than one hour
by bus in order to reach the school. 6. Walking distances, one way, shall not exceed 1-1/2 miles
for elementary children or two miles for secondary students.
7. A reorganized district shall be able to provide a good quality
educational program at reasonable costs.
1. Umatilla County schools varied a great deal in the educational
opportunities provided for students.
2. Teachers in the small high schools of Umatilla County are
having to teach in subject fields for which they have minimum qualifications.
3. Umatilla County has many inequalities in the financing of
4. Reorganization of the school districts of Umatilla County
would provide the same educational opportunities for less money
or a better program for the same money presently expended.
5. Reorganization of school districts of Umatilla County
would eliminate the use of eight high schools and three elementary
1. Information regarding the advantages of school district reorganization
should be continually brought to the attention of the
citizens of Umatilla County.
2. Any school district which insists on retaining its identity
as an autonomous school district, and which does not meet the criteria
of an effective school district as herein outlined, should be
responsible for financing its own educational program without the
help of equalization funds.
3. Individual schools should not be allowed to consolidate
with other adjoining districts unless the consolidation would conform
to the long-range reorganization plans for Umatilla County.
4. For the small school districts which continue to exist, it
is recommended that they give serious thought to improving their
educational program through extended contracts, higher salary
schedules, summer workshops, use of teacher aids, circuit teachers,
shared seminars, increased use of supervised correspondence
courses, and greater use of technological media.