An analysis of the impact of residential setting on the development of selected dimensions of self-actualization Public Deposited

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  • The purpose of this research was to determine if there were initial differences in selected dimensions of self-actualization, as measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), between the freshmen who selected co-educational residence halls and those who selected single-sex residence halls; and to determine if the type of residence hall affected the development of certain dimensions of self-actualization for these students over a period of approximately seven months. In addition, the study sought to investigate the relationship between the students' initial level of self-actualization and the impact of different residential settings on the development of self-actualization. The primary source of the data was students' responses to the following selected scales of the POI: Inner-Directed Support (I); Existentiality (Ex); Feeling Reactivity (Fr); Spontaneity (S); Acceptance of Aggression (A); and Capacity for Intimate Contact (C). The participants completed the POI during New Student Week immediately preceding the 1971 fall term, and a second time during the middle of April 1972. A stratified sample of new freshmen living in residence halls was selected for the study. A total of 568 students completed the POI fall term and 449 completed both the pre- and post-testing sessions. The data were analyzed by two analysis of variance models and an analysis of covariance model. Statistical comparisons were made to determine if differences existed between: (1) pre-test scores for freshmen men and women who selected co-educational and single-sex residence halls; (2) pre- and post-test scores for freshmen men and women residing in co-ed and single-sex halls for a continuous seven month period; and, (3) pre- and post-test scores for low, medium and high self-actualizing freshmen men and women living in co-ed and single-sex residences for a continuous period of seven months. Observed differences were accepted as significant when p < .05. The following conclusions were drawn from the results of this study: 1. Freshmen women initially scored significantly higher than freshmen men on the six selected scales of the Personal Orientation Inventory. 2. Freshmen students in co-educational residence halls initially scored significantly higher on the I, Ex, and C scales of the POI than freshmen residents in single-sex halls. 3. Freshmen females changed significantly more on the I, Fr, and S scales over the seven month period than freshmen males. 4. Freshmen students living in co-ed halls changed significantly more on the C scale than freshmen students in single-sex halls. 5. No significant differences in the amount of change were recorded on the selected POI scales for low self-actualizing freshmen males in single-sex and co-ed halls and for low self-actualizing freshmen females in single-sex and co-educational residences. 6. No significant differences in the amount of change were revealed on the selected POI scales for medium self-actualizing freshmen females in single-sex and co-ed residence halls. 7. Medium self-actualizing freshmen males in co-ed halls changed significantly more on the I and Ex scales than medium self-actualizing freshmen males in single-sex residences. 8. High self-actualizing freshmen women in single-sex halls changed significantly more on the I and S scales than high selfactualizing freshmen women in co-educational halls. 9. High self-actualizing freshmen males in co-ed halls changed significantly more on the C scale than high self-actualizing freshmen males in single-sex residences.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Kirsten Clark(kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-12-31T19:23:14Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SchroederCharles1973.pdf: 1294604 bytes, checksum: 42e2c142741af3871eb1bce4bcf9be99 (MD5)
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