Student academic performance as influenced by on-campus and off-campus residence Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/f7623f575

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  • The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between University housing and academic achievement and to investigate the relationship of age, previous year's grade-point average and intelligence to academic achievement. A sample of one hundred and sixty four sophomore, junior and senior students were selected from four housing groups consisting of fraternity/sorority, residence hall, cooperative and off-campus groups. The data were gathered from the offices of the Dean of Men and Dean of Women and it was analyzed by multiple covariance techniques to determine the validity of the following four hypotheses: a.) there is no relationship between academic achievement and on-campus/ off-campus housing, b.) there is no relationship between academic achievement and age for students in on-campus/off-campus housing, c.) there is no relationship between academic achievement and past grade-point average for students in on-campus/off-campus housing, d.) there is no relationship between academic achievement and intelligence for students in on-campus/off-campus housing. The data were additionally analyzed according to various mathematical models relating grade-point average to the variables: under observation. In addition, the effect of moving from residence halls to off-campus housing as well as the effect of supervision on grade-point averages was studied. No significant relationship between academic achievement and housing, age, and intelligence was found. The previous years grade-point average was significantly related to academic achievement. A mathematical model utilizing but one measurable variable, the previous years grade-point average, was found to "fit the data" as well as the more complex models which involve more-than one measurable variable. From a quarter by quarter analysis of grade-point averages, it was found that: for fall term, students in unsupervised housing achieved significantly, better grade-point averages than those in supervised housing; in winter-term students in supervised housing achieved better grade-point averages than those in-unsupervised housing and by spring term the influence of housing diminished in importance since the two groups were not significantly, differentiated by grade-point averages.
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